Kalutang is an early type of musical instrument in Marinduque that is composed of graduated sets of softwood bars played with pieces of sticks. This instrument is used during special events and celebrations.
Morion Masks are made of woodand are elaborately adornedwith colorful shells, tassels, and crepe papers. These masks, togetherwith colored vests, capes, and wooden shields, are worn byindividuals who act as Roman soldiers during the MorionesFestival. The Moriones is a Lenten tradition inMarinduque that centers on Longinus, the one-eyed Roman centurion who got back his full sight when blood ofthe crucified Jesus spurted into his blind eye.
Palipal a bamboo tube, one end open; cut open in the middle; upper part cut into two halves. The instrument is played by shaking: one half swings up and down and in the down swing hits the lower half. For playing technique.
tube with six fingerholes; mouth piece of bamboo with cut out reed;
mouth shield made of coconut shell; bell made of leaf (probably
bamboo) and blue plastic ribbon.
Serongagandi decorated bamboo tube, closed by a node at both ends. Two strings cut free and lifted by bamboo sticks and connected by a wooden bridge (or 'platform'). The bridge is situated over a hole which makes the tube a resonator.
Sludoy tube cither made of bamboo; five strings cut from the tube; the tube is cut open with one full length crack and held together by bamboo strips at both ends. In this way the tube forms the resonating body of the instrument. Usually a piece of dried leaf is placed in the top end of the tube of which the fucntion is not clear.
Tagutok decorated bamboo scraper, length: 46 cm., diameter: 9 cm.
set of eight small gongs made of iron, usually hanging on a rest of
rope. The lower right gong is played as an ostinato while the melody
is played on the other gongs, around the ostinato.
Tongali long bamboo tubes, closed at one end by the node in which the blowing hole is burnt. The flute has three finger holes. The blowing hole is placed under an angle against the nose and the player gently blows into the tube.
brass bells, used as an amulet or as a musical instrument. In the
picture fourteen brass bells is fixed to
a metal girdle. Nine of these bells have a particular design (a
tiger's face). The girdle is used during a particular dance. For an
extensive explanation of this particular type of bells and its
The two beaters
Gabbang xylophone with 17 keys made of bamboo, separated by metal nails. The resonating case is dcorated with floral motives. At the sides are two mirrors.
The beaters are made of wood with a piece of tube rubber
Dimensions: length: 102 cm., width: 51 cm. height: 37 cm.
Gandang cylindrical drum, made of wood with a membrane made of carabo skin on each side. Decorated with 'okiran' motives and painted. The drum is part of the Kulintang ensemble.
Afiw made of
brass; the instrument is held horizontally with the metal tongue in
front of the opened mouth. The left end is either hit by the thumb of
the right hand or plucked. This makes the metal tongue vibrate which
causes a sound. The mouth serves as a resonator and by changing the
shape and size of the mouth opening, the overtones can be changed,
thus creating a melody. By strongly breathing in or out the volume
can be changed as well.
The string is made of wool.
Dimensions: length: 11,5 cm., width: 1,3 cm.
with boss, made of iron. The gong is part of the Kulintang
Dimensions: diameter: 45 cm. depth: 21 cm.
Balingbing bamboo tube, one side closed. Two tongues and a crack up to the node; hole. The instrument is played by beating one of the tongues against the arm or wrist; sound can be changed by closing and opening the hole. Usually played by at least seven individuals, each with one buzzer. Player play their own rythmic pattern, all patterns fit together ('interlocking'). Players can form long rows while dancing in an open space (such as a central meadow).
Dimensions: vary from 30 to 50 cm. depending on desired tonal height.
Bangibang set of at least seven wooden bars made of hard wood. Each bar has its own pitch and is hit by the player with a short stick of hard wood. Players have one stick each and play their own rythmic pattern, which fall together ('interlocking').
slightly curved bamboo tube, closed on one side by a node and cut
off under an angle. On the cut off surface an extra piece of banboo
Dimensions: length: 31,5 cm., diameter: 1,5 cm.
short bamboo tube, cut off on the node and closed with a piece of
wood, lower part of the hole half covered, with a burnt in
Dimensions: length: 14,7 cm., dimater: 1,6 cm.
glass shaped drum made of wood; the membrane is made of carabao skin.
Decorated with carvings and painted. The drum is part of
the Kulintang ensemble.
Dimensions: height: 59 cm. diameter (membrane): 19 cm.